The name of Afghanistan was given by the British – designed to divide the people of Khorasan and weaken them through promoting the idea that the land is Pashtun land & that its language should be Pashto. Afghanistan means the ‘Land of Afghans, Awghan, Pathans or Pashtoons also spelt as Pashtuns. These names are variants of one name, Afghan. However, the modern day Afghanistan is a mosaic of various ethnic groups and the name Afghanistan is misleading and possessive. It is not representative of all and has destroyed the unity of the people and made them weak.
If the chauvinistic and ethnic supremacist policies of the current predominantely Pashtun made up government continue there won’t be any way out other than a partition. The northern majority of Afghanistan doesn’t want to live and coexist with a violent tribe who support the atrocities of the Taliban and whose daily life is conducted by tribal laws which are primitive and extremely violent. There are two opposing factors, which is Persian langauge and Pashto (the minority language), after partition a huge part of the geography will adapt Persian as their only official language and so one of the biggest problems will be automatically solved. Pashtuns can do whatever they desire with their language in the south. Northern, Central and Western regions no longer desired or accept to be ruled by a tribal goon from the south.
Before the invention of the name “Afghanistan”, the land used to be known as other names: Ariana and Khorasan, with the most recent being Khorasan. The region was called Khorasan for 1400 years and the name was fairer and represented the region as well as the people better. It clearly doesn’t favor one ethnicity over another. As Khorasan means ‘Land of Sunrise’. The region was once an advancing civilization and embodied many ethnic groups. However, as the Pashtun nomads entered and invaded the regions, they scattered and spread over, imposing their existence as well as a need for a country.
Pashtuns are originally from the South so perhaps and they can rightly go back there and govern rightly over their own people and leave the North to itself. They did not bring any progress in the past—which is fairly obvious considering the condition of the country today—so logically, they won’t bring any progress in the future. And if the country is partitioned finally, there is no way it could get any worse. Most of the problems that are present among non-Pashtuns are due to Pashtuns. In the past, pre-Afghanistan, the Persians (Hazara, Tajik, Aymaq), Uzbeks, Turkmens, Nuristanis etc. lived side by side in Khorasan. There was no threat of Communism or Terrorism. Terror started with the first footsteps of Pashtun Abdalis. By separating the North and the South that is the first step towards change. Right now, there is no stability in the country and its people. Pashtuns and non-Pashtuns do not have anything in common – neither historically or culturally.
Persians, Uzbeks, Turkmens and other non-Pashtuns were never and will never be Afghan. When the literal term of a word obviously means something you are not and you don’t even speak the language of an Afghan (supposedly Pashto) then why call yourself one? The three decades of civil war in Afghanistan caused state failure, linguistic conflict and the ethnicisation of politics. After the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001, Afghanistan experienced new patterns of ethnicisation, discrimination and violence. The brutal rule of the Taliban from 1996 to 2001 scattered the ethnically embroiled mosaic of the country, undermined the ethnic balance and divided the nation into small pieces. There are those non-Pashtuns who don’t wish to go over or remember past events/bad memories—they want to take the easy way out and just start fresh.
If Khorasan finally becomes independent, the Taliban would presumably try to take over Khorasan as well, but they would be handicapped by having something to lose in the South, which would be the remaning part of Afghanistan. The Republic of Khorasan and NATO could respond to continued Taliban attacks on Khorasan by striking ‘Pashtunistan’ in order to discourage further attacks. Aid could be provided to the Pashtunistan in reward for no attacks occurring. The recent debate on the sanguinary demand of an independent Khorasan state had caused woes for the previous Karzai regime and its Pashtun partners. Though the demand for an independent Khorasan state has never been considered so strong and sacrosanct before the fall of the Taliban regime, foreign intervention strengthened the resolve of the Persians, Uzbek and Turkmen communities to violently pursue their political agendas. Ten years ago, Persian groups re-introduced themselves as the direct descendants of the Samanids and claimed that all ethnic Persians belong to them. Having associated with this interpretation of history, they want to establish an independent Khorasan state. Afghanistan is the country of the Pashtuns and not the Persians.
Living with Pashtuns did not work in the past and so it won’t work in the future. After all, one can not and should not try living a normal life with cancer—you have to get rid of the cancer or it will destroy you from the inside out. Whether it’s slowly and secretly or fast and outwardly there are only two ways out and they are by cutting it off or letting it kill you. Separation of the country shouldn’t be seen as a failure of the country but rather as an improvement and a solid and proper change. When we factor in all the information—dangerous and ineffective Pashtun rule, misrepresentative country name, forced Pashto assimilation—the only solution can be to separate.